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BASICS OF VOCAL MIXING

Voice mixing is a process that will help you to put vocal in the final mix and to sound it maximally pure. Excellent record and correct vocal sampling are an important part of modern commercial tracks, so you should pay careful attention to vocal sampling. We’ll divide vocal sampling into three stages: equalization, compression, reverberation. Let’s start with vocal equalization.

Voice Equalization

Even if you use vocal library for KONTAKT in your track you will need equalization to put vocal in the right place of the track. The first one that we will start our mixing is vocal equalization. Here’s number of frequencies that are mostly uses for vocal equalization correction.
- Extraction some of the frequencies from 150-450Hz range will remove hardness from vocal and will make it sound enjoyable.
- Frequencies increase about 8kHz + can add good air tone and better sound reading. Anyway check “S” and “T” because increasing in those areas will unavoidable get to they highlighted. In vocal equalization try to bring in as less corrective as possible or it will sound unnatural.

Voice compression

If you use some libraries, you should check if there is a native KONTAKT compressor in it. If there is, probably you shouldn’t use additional plug-in, and it’s better to change settings of native compressor. Voice compression is a very important part of vocal sampling and it’s necessary for two task performances. The first task is to make flow of vocal track clean: strong parts become softer and soft parts become stronger.
The second task of voice compression is making vocal track dynamic and adding energy to voice production. Depression of gain 6-9 Db and ratio between 2:1 and 7:1 to the strong parts in the track should be good starting point.

Vocal reverberation

Reverberation is another important voice mixing part . What amount of reverberation should be on vocal? To be honest it’s just a matter of taste, but there are some constituents which are used more often.
Plate reverb is better for your vocal with these parameters:
- Attack 0.24 sec
- Decay 2.10 sec
- Pre-Delay 6 ms.
- LP filter 8.5 kH

Double-track

To make the vocal line more dense when mixing, you can duplicate the main vocal line again. You need to sing once again on top of already sung. Try to sing accurately enough, but do not be afraid of small inaccuracies, they will only add "fat". Also, you can simply copy the main track and make it lag behind the main one in 10-20 ms, this also sometimes works well, as a vocal compression tool. Listen to the early Beatles recordings, all the vocals there are recorded with a double-track. If you use pre-recorded vocal samples then most likely you will not need a double track. For example, in the "Indie Voices" library from Splash Sound, all the voices are already mixed with separately recorded double tracks. In the vocal pad from this library there is an opportunity to turn on and off the track of a double track.

Plug-in for voice mixing

Because in voice mixing we perform equalization, compression and reverberation so for mixing we will need equalizer, compressor and reverberator. On initial stage you can choose any plugins because you need to understand how it is all works. Later as your skill will develop you will be better in instruments that you work with in our case plugins But this three plugins are not the only one. There are also de-essors, gates, multiband compressors, saturators, harmonizers, chorus etc. But all of that you need to add only after you learn basics: equalization, compression and reverberation. It’s a minimum set for mixing that you should know about voice mixing, hope this article was useful to you.